“Europe and its Discontents” by Pope Benedict XVI [from ‘First Things’, January 2006]

But in Europe, in the nineteenth century, the two models [of
church-state relations] were joined by a third, socialism, which
quickly split into two different branches, one totalitarian and the
other democratic. Democratic socialism managed to fit within the two
existing models as a welcome counterweight to the radical liberal
positions, which it developed and corrected. It also managed to appeal
to various denominations. In England it became the political party of
the Catholics, who had never felt at home among either the Protestant
conservatives or the liberals. In Wilhelmine Germany, too, Catholic
groups felt closer to democratic socialism than to the rigidly
Prussian and Protestant conservative forces. In many respects,
democratic socialism was and is close to Catholic social doctrine and
has in any case made a remarkable contribution to the formation of a
social consciousness.
– Pope Benedict XVI
http://www.firstthings.com/article/2008/04/europe-and-its-discontents—50

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