Footnote #2 from
“Reflections on the ‘Functional’ Nature of the Priesthood”
by Donald J. Keefe, S.J.
[ii] The mistake is at least as old as St. Thomas’ application of the Aristotelian category of the “perfect society” to the Church. Within the past few decades, sociology has displaced theology in many fields of formerly theological interest, particularly sacramental theology and ecclesiology. EDWARD Schillebeeckx did not invent this dissent, but his willingness, even eagerness, to reduce the priesthood to a variety of “leadership” in Ministry: Leadership in the Community of Jesus Christ; tr. John Bowden (New York: Crossroad, 1981) paved the way for a widespread rejection of the sacramental reality of Orders: e.g., John Coleman — the author of “The Future of Ministry,” America 144 (March 28, 1981), 243-49; and “Ministry in the 80′s,” Call to Growth/ Ministry 9/2 (Winter, 1982) 24-31 — teaches sacramental theology… at Berkeley.
“Reflections on the ‘Functional’ Nature of the Priesthood,”
Faith, 32/ 2, March-April, 2000.
Even better, see Footnote #1:
 Gregory Baum, whose article in The Ecumenist (November-December, 1965) announced the passage, supposedly warranted by Lumen Gentium, §28, from a “cultic” priesthood, defined by the offering of the Sacrifice of the Mass, to a “ministerial” priesthood specified by the “making present” of Jesus’ salvific work, was a bell-wether in the ecumenical/liturgical effort to persuade Catholics that Vatican II had underwritten the merely functional priesthood, one resulting from Christ’s gift of ministry to his people, in such wise that it became impossible to distinguish the universal priesthood which is given in baptism from that priesthood which is given in ordination, since the latter is no longer specified by the authority to offer the One Sacrifice in persona Christi. Baum contrasts a priest who thinks his ordination to have given him a distinct ontological reality, with the post-conciliar “ministerial” priest who has no such illusions. However, over the intervening thirty years, Baum failed to persuade the Magisterium: Pope John Paul II, in Ordinatio sacerdotalis, closed the door on the functional priesthood.
Ed. note: Gregory Baum left the priesthood in 1976.